Report: Houthis-laid mines continue inflicting heavy losses among civilians

Report: Houthis-laid mines continue inflicting heavy losses among civilians

Alsahwa Net-A report by the Mine Action Review said that the ongoing conflict in Yemen has increased risks of mine contamination as the Houthis-laid mines continued to inflict heavy civilian causalities and have hampered deliveries of humanitarian aid.  

It affirmed that that ani-personnel mines are not used militarily anymore, but by the Houthis and armed groups in Afghanistan.

Levels of current contamination resulted “from conflicts in 1962–69 and 1970–83, as well as mines laid in border areas between North and South Yemen before they unified in 1990, and mines from successive conflicts that erupted since 1994.”

It indicated that the conflict which erupted in March 2015 “changed the

extent and complexity of contamination dramatically. It also largely halted systematic survey preventing a determination of contamination in any part of the country.”

The Mine Action Review is a research organization that collates and analyses mine action data globally from mine action centers, national authorities, clearance operators, and other implementing partners such as the United Nations (UN) and the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD).

The report said that the use of landmines by states is almost over, but it affirmed that no-state armed groups continue using largely antipersonnel mines as the Houthis in Yemen and other armed groups in Afghanistan, Colombia, African coast and Chad.

“Houthi officials have acknowledged using landmines and their forces reportedly laid mines in at least six governorates in 2016,” the report said.

The report reviewed compliance of state parties to the anti-personnel mine ban convention.

It said that Yemen submitted an Article 5 deadline extension request in 2019, calling for three years in which to conduct nationwide survey and produce a new baseline estimate of anti-personnel mine contamination.”

It added that Yemen had previously requested extension amid failure to mine clearance as the country largely depends on external funds.

It said that the Yemen Executive Mine Action Center (YEMAC) is divided between the Houthis-Sana’a based government and the Aden-based legitimate government which contributed to the disfunction of the center.

It added that the YEMAC officials in Sana’a do not cooperate with organizations concerned with the clearance of mines.

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